Today’s world has become multipolar and it is no longer bipolar or unipolar. Indian Prime Minister Modi must play an important role in the SCO
Initially, it is necessary to know what the SCO is and for what purpose it arose. When SCO was launched, it was known as Shanghi five and China and Russia were among the strong countries in this organization. The SCO was born on June 15, 2001. At that time, China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan were its member countries. The SCO is a permanent intergovernmental organization which is Europe’s political, economic and security organisation. Its main objectives of the SCO are as follows:- 1. Strengthens relations between member states. 2:-Promote cooperation in political, economic and commercial, scientific, technical, cultural and educational affairs as well as in the fields of energy, transport, tourism and environmental protection.3:-Safeguard regional peace, security and stability and 4:-Create a democratic and equitable international and economic order.
Today’s world has become multipolar and it is no longer bipolar or unipolar. Indian Prime Minister Modi must play an important role within the SCO. Modi’s popularity is increasing day by day internationally and world leaders are eager to meet and interact with Modi, especially Pakistani Prime Minister Shahbaz Sharief who wants India to help worsen the economic crisis in which Pakistan is caught and therefore wants to meet Modi and get all the help from India to overcome the economic crisis. So more than meeting China to bail out the economy. Prime Minister Pak is eager to meet Modi and get economic and financial help from him. If Modi meets Pak PM, it will lead to a positive and encouraging situation for Pakistan as leaders of other countries will meet with Sharief and lend a hand to Pakistan to alleviate economic crises. Modi is expected to meet and interact with Chinese Premier Xi Jinping and discuss the border and Taiwan issue and other issues of common concern. Modi will meet with Russian President Putin on various bilateral issues and also discuss the prevailing war situation between Russia and Ukraine and Modi will be a big step towards ending the war which is not in interest of countries engaged in war for a long time. Modi is also expected to meet the Iranian President and discuss issues regarding the two friendly countries India and Iran.
India has strongly called for deepening cooperation on issues related to regional security, defence, counter-terrorism, illicit drug trafficking, etc. The 22nd Shanghai Cooperation Summit kicked off in the historic city of Samarkand in Uzbekistan. Prime Minister Narendra Modi, along with Chinese President XI Jinping, Russian President Vladimir Putin and Pakistani Prime Minister Shebaz Sharief attend the crucial geopolitical event. This is the first in-person summit of the Council of Heads of SCO member states after the last one held in June 2019 in Bishkek. While Jinping and Putin’s presence at the SCO summit has generated enough media buzz, Prime Minister Modi’s presence becomes equally important and relevant in the context of India assuming the annual rotating presidency of the SCO at the end of the Samarkand summit in Uzbekistan. The SCO provides an opportunity for India to launch multilateral and regional counter-terrorism initiatives and to tackle the illicit drug trade, which is now being used by its neighbors to inflict social wounds and target youth. Indian. India, since its full membership, has made sincere efforts to foster peace, prosperity and stability of the entire Eurasian region in general and SCO member countries in particular. India is playing a balancing act amid an anti-Western narrative at the SCO regional summit. Ambassador to Uzbekistan, Manish Prabhat saiud ”India is very clear that the SCO is not an organization which is against any other bloc of countries or any other country.” Leaders from 15 nations have started to gather in Samarkand, Uzbekistan for the SCO summit. The most prominent among them have taken a tougher anti-Western stance since they last met in person for the SCO summit in Bishkek in 2019. This includes Russia, China and the latest entrant to the group Iran. Aware of this seemingly global narrative, SCO National Coordinator for Uzbekistan Rahmatullah Nurimbetov told NDTV, “I don’t think this summit will send a controversial message. Samarkand is where East and West meet. Our message from this summit will be broader cooperation in this difficult world. He said categorically: “We want to avoid any confrontation, any geopolitical and ideological prejudice. India’s Ambassador to Uzbekistan also concurred with the assertion of the SCO National Coordinator for Uzbekistan.
Prime Minister Modi’s visit to Samarkand for the 2022 SCO summit is of great economic significance. The SCO, headquartered in Beijing, is an eight-member economic and security bloc made up of China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, India and Pakistan. . It is the first time after the 2020 covid pandemic that Prime Minister Narendra Modi, his Pakistani counterpart Shehbaz Sharief as well as Chinese President Xi Jinping and his Russian counterpart Valdimir Putin have attended the two-day summit. Prime Minister Modi is expected to meet Putin on the sidelines of the SCO summit where they will discuss strategic stability issues, the situation in the Asia-Pacific region and bilateral cooperation within the UN and G20. Apart from that, he could meet Chinese President XI Jinping. The Indian Prime Minister will also have bilateral meetings with other leaders during the summit. Economic cooperation within the SCO is an important issue, which will be discussed at SCO meetings. When we meet with Central Asian countries, we will discuss connectivity that will promote trade, investment and other exchanges between India and Central Asian countries, said Indian Ambassador to Uzbekistan Manish Prabhat .SCO can also be a voice platform for India. pushing the regional and inter-regional connectivity agenda which could force Pakistan to moderate its views and approach to connect Central Asia and South Asia. Pakistan has blocked India’s strategic, economic and cultural interests by not facilitating connectivity and energy projects like the Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India which is the TAPI Power transmission line through its territory. In this context, India can use the SCO to advance the Chabahar port project and the North-South International Transport Corridor -INSTC. India, Iran and Uzbekistan also established a trilateral working group in 2020 to seek greater convergence on Chabahar port and other connectivity projects. The INSTC could be a game-changer for SCO member states as it will connect them to India and the Indian Ocean and diversify their trading partners and routes.
Iran’s role will be decisive in this regard. The SCO also has potential in various new areas where all member states could find converging interests. India has already pushed for cooperation in startups and innovation, science and technology, and traditional medicine. Uzbekistan sees the port of Chabahar as an opportunity to diversify its export market into oil and gas to check China’s ambitions. India can also leverage its proven bilateral relations with Russia, Iran and the Central Asian Republics (CAR) to enhance its role in the forum. China has used the hostility between India and Pakistan for its pursuit of hegemony. It has also used its high-profile Belt and Road Initiative -BRI to expand its business footprints in Central Asia, strategically located at the crossroads of Asia and Europe. The China-Pakistan Economic Corridor -CPEC has heightened India’s geo-strategic, geo-economic and security concerns. The CPEC crosses Pakistan-occupied Kashmir and violates India’s sovereignty, forcing India to distance itself from the BRI. New Delhi can leverage the relationship with Russia, Iran and CAR to challenge and subdue the China-Pakistan axis. In short, Modi can seize the opportunity offered by the SCO summit for its geopolitical, geo-economic utility and also foster regional cooperation and will also seek the opportunity to cement a joint effort to combat terrorism and trafficking. drug.